The Selective Service Act (40 Stat. 76) was passed by the Congress of
the United States on 18 May 1917 creating the Selective Service System. The Act
gave the President the power to draft men for military service.
The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 was passed by the
Congress of the United States on September 16, 1940, becoming the first
peacetime conscription in United States history.
The original Act was allowed to expire in 1947 because it was thought that a
sufficient number of volunteers would enlist for the nation's defense. The
number of volunteers was not enough, however, and a new draft act was passed in
1948. Between 1948 and 1967 several draft laws were enacted.
On March 25, 1975, Pres. Gerald Ford signed Proclamation 4360,
Terminating Registration Procedures Under Military Selective Service Act,
eliminating the registration requirement for all 18-25 year old male citizens.
Then on July 2, 1980, Pres. Jimmy Carter signed Proclamation 4771,
Registration Under the Military Selective Service Act, retroactively
re-establishing the Selective Service registration requirement for all 18-26
year old male citizens born on or after January 1, 1960.
So only men born between March 29, 1957, and December 31, 1959, were
completely exempt from Selective Service registration.